Northern Cardinals, scientifically known as Cardinalis cardinalis, are mid-sized songbirds renowned for their bright red plumage and beautiful melodies. Known for their distinctive crest and black 'mask' on the face around the bill, they present a striking contrast to most other birds.
Male Northern Cardinals boast brilliant red feathers all over, while females flaunt a more subdued palette of browns and grays with hints of reddish hues. One common trait among both sexes is their sharp, stout beaks which come in handy for cracking seedsâ€”their primary food source.
While they're primarily found across eastern and central North America, these non-migratory birds have expanded further westward over time due to milder winters. Versatile in habitats, Northern Cardinals can thrive anywhere from woodlands to backyards.
Their enchanting songâ€”often described as a clear whistling featuring several repeated notesâ€”is another defining characteristic that makes them unique among avian species. This makes the Northern Cardinal not just visually appealing but also music to one's ears!